Web Development

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What Is Web Development?

Web development is the act of building, creating and maintaining websites. The field encompasses a broad range of tasks including everything from coding, to technical design, to the performance of a website or application running on the internet. Web development consists of front-end and back-end components:

Front-End Web Development vs. Back-End Web Development

  • Front-end development consists of the user interface (UI) and the look and feel of the website or application. 
  • Back-end development consists of the databases, logic, APIs, servers and everything else that powers the website behind the scenes.

 

What Are the 3 Types of Web Development?

There are three main types of web development: front-end, back-end and full-stack.

Web development broadly encompasses the whole of a website's functionality, but the work itself is often broken down into three types: 

Front-end development is responsible for the aspects of a website that users see and interact with: the user interface (UI). Front-end developers are well-versed in HTML, CSS and JavaScript, often working closely with design and UX teams to capture both the intended look and feel of the site, while also creating a quality user experience across multiple device types.

Back-end development is responsible for all the aspects of a website that users do not see. This is also known as server-side development because back-end developers focus primarily on the behind-the-scenes logic, APIs and database interactions that power the site. 

Full-stack development is a more holistic approach where the developers responsible for the site or app take care of the entire development stack, from the inner workings typically performed on the back-end to the presentation layer normally handled by front-end developers.

Web Development Explained in 10 Minutes. | Video: Aaron Jack

Food for ThoughtFront-End vs. Back-End Development: Which Should You Prioritize?

 

What Does a Web Developer Do?

Web developers develop websites, specifically by creating the site’s code, connecting it to a server and maintaining its accessibility to users.

Web development is responsible for creating the sites and applications we use through a web browser in our day-to-day lives. Web developers, often working in teams or alongside other tech professionals like data scientists, UX designers and product managers, use specialized techniques and a thorough knowledge of one or more programming languages to create a foundation for where the website’s database will live, known as a back-end. 

The back-end is dependent upon the website’s server, which stores web pages and applications to be loaded into the web browser upon request.  The server acts as an intermediary between the web page or application and the data stored within the server, facilitating communication between the database and the client.

Web developers are also responsible for creating the front-end of a website through the use of HTML, CSS and JavaScript, which creates the layout and style that the user sees and interacts with when using the site.

Finally, web developers are responsible for maintaining the site's functionality and overall performance over time.

Related Reading From Built In ExpertsSo You Want to Be a Full-Stack Developer? Here Are the Skills You Need.

Is Web Development a Good Career?

According to the latest U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, the average salary for a web developer is $78,000, and positions are expected to grow 13 percent from 2020 to 2030, faster than the average for other occupations.

The average salary of a web developer was $77,200, according to the latest U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Additionally, web developer jobs are expected to grow 13 percent from 2020 to 2030, faster than the average for other occupations.

Web developers are in high demand. There are currently more than 5,000 front-end developer jobs at nearly 2,000 companies nationwide on Built In's job board.

Courses

Expand Your Web Development Career Opportunities

Learn web development and other software engineering skills with one of Udemy’s top-rated courses.

General Assembly

Interested in exploring the programming languages that power the web, or looking for guidance writing your first lines of code? You’ve come to the right place!

4.5
(462)
Udemy

Topic:

Learn React 16, Redux, D3, ES2015, Testing, CSS Flexbox, Animations, SVG, AJAX, and more!

 

What you'll learn:

  • Make REAL web applications using cutting-edge…

4.5
(8994)
Udemy

Topic:

Become a full-stack web developer with just one course. HTML, CSS, Javascript, Node, React, MongoDB and more!

 

What you'll learn:

  • Be able to build ANY website you…

4.7
(165620)
Udemy

Topic:

COMPLETELY REDONE - The only course you need to learn web development - HTML, CSS, JS, Node, and More! 

 

What you'll learn:

  • The ins and outs of HTML5, CSS3, and…

4.7
(224340)
Certifications

Web Development Certifications + Programs

Take the next step in your career by earning a web development certification from Udacity.

General Assembly’s Front-End Web Development course equips complete beginners with the cutting-edge tools they need to build rich, interactive websites. Dive into essential programming languages, then round out your skill set with industry-relevant topics like responsive design, APIs, and version control. You’ll apply what you’ve learned to build a custom website from scratch.

What you'll accomplish

This is a beginner-friendly program with no prerequisites, although some students may have coded previously. First-time programmers will have access to pre-course preparatory lessons and additional resources to boost their confidence with key concepts. Throughout this expert-designed program, you’ll:

  • Discover how the web works.
  • Create the structure and style of a website using HTML and CSS.
  • Apply interactivity to a site with JavaScript programming fundamentals.
  • Host a website on a server.
  • Learn the basic technical vocabulary to communicate with front-end web developers and other technical stakeholders.
  • Apply what you’ve learned to create a portfolio project: a dynamic, responsive website.

 

Why General Assembly

Since 2011, General Assembly has graduated more than 40,000 students worldwide from the full time & part time courses. During the 2020 hiring shutdown, GA's students, instructors, and career coaches never lost focus, and the KPMG-validated numbers in their Outcomes report reflect it. *For students who graduated in 2020 — the peak of the pandemic — 74.4% of those who participated in GA's full-time Career Services program landed jobs within six months of graduation. General Assembly is proud of their grads + teams' relentless dedication and to see those numbers rising. Download the report here.

 

Your next step? Submit an application to talk to the General Assembly Admissions team


 

Note: reviews are referenced from Career Karma - https://careerkarma.com/schools/general-assembly

 

Udacity
Beginner
3 months
10 hours

General Assembly’s Software Engineering Immersive is a transformative course designed for you to get the necessary skills for a coding role in three months. 

The Software Engineering bootcamp is led by instructors who are expert practitioners in their field, supported by career coaches that work with you since day one and enhanced by a career services team that is constantly in talks with employers about their tech hiring needs.

 

What you'll accomplish

As a graduate, you’ll have a portfolio of projects that show your knowledge of fundamental programming concepts, as well as experience with languages, frameworks, and libraries that employers demand. Throughout this expert-designed program, you’ll:

  • Create a front-end web application with modern JavaScript frameworks such as Angular or React.

  • Develop and deploy full-stack applications with in-demand technologies such as Ruby on Rails, Python with Django, and Express with Node.js.

  • Build secure full-stack applications by leveraging common design and architectural patterns like model–view–controller (MVC) and Representational State Transfer (REST).

  • Practice version control and collaborative software development with Git and GitHub.

  • Safely model and store data in SQL and NoSQL databases.

  • Consume and integrate third-party application programming interfaces (APIs) in an application.

 

Why General Assembly

Since 2011, General Assembly has graduated more than 40,000 students worldwide from the full time & part time courses. During the 2020 hiring shutdown, GA's students, instructors, and career coaches never lost focus, and the KPMG-validated numbers in their Outcomes report reflect it. *For students who graduated in 2020 — the peak of the pandemic — 74.4% of those who participated in GA's full-time Career Services program landed jobs within six months of graduation.  General Assembly is proud of their grads + teams' relentless dedication and to see those numbers rising. Download the report here.

 

Your next step? Submit an application to talk to the General Assembly Admissions team

 

 

Note: reviews are referenced from Career Karma - https://careerkarma.com/schools/general-assembly

Udacity
Beginner
3 months
10 hours

You’ll learn how to create a digital user experience that is ready to be handed off for development. You’ll start by building familiarity and fluency with design research fundamentals to identify the user and the solutions they need. You’ll then synthesize your research, and use design sprints to take an idea from concept to low-fidelity prototype. Finally, you’ll learn how to turn your low-fidelity prototype into a high-fidelity design, and improve its performance based on data. Along the way, you’ll complete projects that can be incorporated into a UX portfolio at the end of the program in order to showcase your capabilities to future employers.

Udacity
Beginner
3 months
10 hours
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