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What Is HTML?

HTML (HyperText Markup Language) is a form of programming code used to instruct a browser to create the structure for individual web pages on a website. This markup language is a fundamental component of how billions of people perceive and consume pages on the internet. HTML is responsible for things like text representation, defining visual format, providing search engines with page context and designating sections of a page.

 

What Is HTML Used For?

HTML is a written markup language used to annotate text, images and other content in a structured manner for display on the internet.

HTML is used to provide structure to a webpage and make it accessible to users of the internet through text, visual formatting and search factors. It is commonly known as the most basic building block of the web, working alongside CSS and JavaScript to create the websites we see while browsing.

HTML, particularly its most recent form, is a highly capable programming language with a variety of uses when it comes to web browsing and data. Not only do we use HTML for web page development, web document creation and internet navigation, HTML5 introduces advanced APIs, facilitates client-side storage via localStorage and IndexDB, offers data entry support, facilitates offline application use through caching and can even be used in game development.

Related Reading From Built In ExpertsOptimize the HTML Head Element for a High-Performing Website

 

What Is HTML Syntax?

Proper syntax is crucial when building out HTML documents. Without proper syntax, webpage elements wouldn’t function in the way they are intended and, more importantly, content would not display to the user in a manner that makes sense. Syntax also allows sections of elements to function alongside each other, rather than independently. 

HTML syntax is written within simple text documents that end with a .html extension. HTML documents consist of text elements that can be read and loaded by a web browser. HTML markup functions through the use of elements, which describe its functionality and are placed within a descending tree structure.

Surrounding these elements are angle tags (<>) that determine where the elements are placed and how they will function. For every tag that’s opened, a corresponding closing tag must usually be placed in order for it to function. A closing tag is identical to an opening tag, but with a forward slash placed before the element (</>). All markup written between these two tags will be structured using the element written within each tag. An example of an element and an opening tag is <head>. To close this tag, you would use the </head> tag.

Additionally, a web browser can read 16 different HTML attributes to communicate certain functionality when used inside of an element. For example, you can use the href attribute to point to a specific link in conjunction with the a element, which determines anchor text. This would be written as <a href=”https://examplesite.com”>Example Anchor Text</a>. Other components of HTML syntax include the ability to leave developer comments that are not processed by the browser and self-enclosing elements that do not contain anything inside of them

Many websites can and do function perfectly with poor syntax, but good code practice exists as a way of eliminating headaches when creating the website, easing troubleshooting operations when things can (and will) go wrong. This practice facilitates collaboration with other developers, streamlined future updates and helps prepare for the eventual handoff of the website’s code when the developer is no longer working on it.

HTML Tutorial for Beginners: HTML Crash Course. | Video: Programming With Mosh

 

What Are 5 Basic HTML Tags?

There are many HTML elements we can use to structure a web page. While developers choose elements for  specific purposes, some tags are crucial to HTML document structure and are used most frequently. These five tags are just a fraction of the basic tags developers consider fundamental to HTML programming:

  1. <html> — The root element tag that defines everything placed between its opening and closing tags as HTML code.
  2. <head> — Defines the head of the web page and is where JavaScript code lives.
  3. <title> — Defines the web page’s title and is often what shows up in search engine results.
  4. <h1> — Defines the most prominent heading on a web page.
  5. <p> — Defines content that lives within a paragraph and allows browsers to insert spaces between paragraphs for legibility.

Other important tags to know when building a page include the <body>,<a>,<div>,<span> and <img> tags.

Courses

Expand Your HTML Career Opportunities

Grow your skill set and take on new challenges with Udemy’s top-rated HTML courses.

Udemy

Topic:

Learn How To Make Websites from a University Professor in Computer Science with over 15 years of teaching experience.

 

What you'll learn:

  • Build beautiful webpages…

4.6
(1786)
Udemy

Topic:

Learn how to code in HTML in 1 hour. This class is set up for complete beginners!

 

What you'll learn:

  • Learn the basics of programming

  • Learn…

4.5
(2030)
Udemy

Topic:

Learn modern HTML5, CSS3 and web design by building a stunning website for your portfolio! Includes flexbox and CSS Grid

 

What you'll learn:

  • Become a modern and…

4.7
(68547)
Certifications

HTML Certifications + Programs

Udacity’s web development certifications could be the resume booster you need to set off on your next career path.

General Assembly’s Front-End Web Development course equips complete beginners with the cutting-edge tools they need to build rich, interactive websites. Dive into essential programming languages, then round out your skill set with industry-relevant topics like responsive design, APIs, and version control. You’ll apply what you’ve learned to build a custom website from scratch.

What you'll accomplish

This is a beginner-friendly program with no prerequisites, although some students may have coded previously. First-time programmers will have access to pre-course preparatory lessons and additional resources to boost their confidence with key concepts. Throughout this expert-designed program, you’ll:

  • Discover how the web works.
  • Create the structure and style of a website using HTML and CSS.
  • Apply interactivity to a site with JavaScript programming fundamentals.
  • Host a website on a server.
  • Learn the basic technical vocabulary to communicate with front-end web developers and other technical stakeholders.
  • Apply what you’ve learned to create a portfolio project: a dynamic, responsive website.

 

Why General Assembly

Since 2011, General Assembly has graduated more than 40,000 students worldwide from the full time & part time courses. During the 2020 hiring shutdown, GA's students, instructors, and career coaches never lost focus, and the KPMG-validated numbers in their Outcomes report reflect it. *For students who graduated in 2020 — the peak of the pandemic — 74.4% of those who participated in GA's full-time Career Services program landed jobs within six months of graduation. General Assembly is proud of their grads + teams' relentless dedication and to see those numbers rising. Download the report here.

 

Your next step? Submit an application to talk to the General Assembly Admissions team


 

Note: reviews are referenced from Career Karma - https://careerkarma.com/schools/general-assembly

 

Udacity
Beginner
4 months
10 hours

General Assembly’s Software Engineering Immersive is a transformative course designed for you to get the necessary skills for a coding role in three months. 

The Software Engineering bootcamp is led by instructors who are expert practitioners in their field, supported by career coaches that work with you since day one and enhanced by a career services team that is constantly in talks with employers about their tech hiring needs.

 

What you'll accomplish

As a graduate, you’ll have a portfolio of projects that show your knowledge of fundamental programming concepts, as well as experience with languages, frameworks, and libraries that employers demand. Throughout this expert-designed program, you’ll:

  • Create a front-end web application with modern JavaScript frameworks such as Angular or React.

  • Develop and deploy full-stack applications with in-demand technologies such as Ruby on Rails, Python with Django, and Express with Node.js.

  • Build secure full-stack applications by leveraging common design and architectural patterns like model–view–controller (MVC) and Representational State Transfer (REST).

  • Practice version control and collaborative software development with Git and GitHub.

  • Safely model and store data in SQL and NoSQL databases.

  • Consume and integrate third-party application programming interfaces (APIs) in an application.

 

Why General Assembly

Since 2011, General Assembly has graduated more than 40,000 students worldwide from the full time & part time courses. During the 2020 hiring shutdown, GA's students, instructors, and career coaches never lost focus, and the KPMG-validated numbers in their Outcomes report reflect it. *For students who graduated in 2020 — the peak of the pandemic — 74.4% of those who participated in GA's full-time Career Services program landed jobs within six months of graduation.  General Assembly is proud of their grads + teams' relentless dedication and to see those numbers rising. Download the report here.

 

Your next step? Submit an application to talk to the General Assembly Admissions team

 

 

Note: reviews are referenced from Career Karma - https://careerkarma.com/schools/general-assembly

Udacity
Beginner
4 months
10 hours

Learn the basics of programming through HTML, CSS, Python, and JavaScript. Get extensive practice with hands-on exercises and projects that demonstrate your grasp of coding fundamentals, and build confidence in your ability to think and problem-solve like a programmer.

Udacity
Beginner
4 months
10 hours
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